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Data & Statistics

Indonesia: Installed Electricity Capacity, Generation and Consumption [free access]

January 10, 2019

At the end of 2017, Indonesia had around 56 GW of installed capacity, which has increased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 2.31 per cent since 2016. During 2013–17, power generation capacity grew at a CAGR of 4.9 per cent.

Of the total capacity, around 63.5 per cent was based on thermal sources, 29.1 per cent was contributed by independent power producers (IPP) and rented diesel, and the remaining was based on hydro and renewable sources.

Prior to 2009, Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) held the monopoly in Indonesia’s electricity generation sector. As part of the government’s liberalisation efforts, private participation was allowed in the electricity generation sector in 2009. However, PLN and its subsidiaries still own over 70 per cent of the nation’s installed capacity. IPPs can only serve the areas declined by PLN.

Table 1: Growth in Indonesia’s installed electricity capacity (MW)

 

2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

PLN

     34,206

     39,258

     40,265

     39,785

39,652

–Hydro

        3,519

        3,527

        3,566

        3,568

3,583

–Thermal

     30,110

     35,148

     36,138

     35,622

35,509

–Renewable

           576

           582

           561

           595

560

IPPs and rented diesel

     11,898

     12,362

     12,594

     14,879

16,274

Total

     46,104

     51,620

     52,859

     54,665

55,926

Annual growth rate (%)

-

          13.2

          0.02

          0.03

          2.31

IPPs: independent power producers

Source: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Indonesia; PLN

 

As of the end of 2017, electricity generation stood at 254,660 GWh while consumption was at 223,134 GWh. Electricity generation and consumption have increased at a CAGR of 4.2 per cent and 4.4 per cent respectively since 2013.

 

Figure 1: Growth in electricity generation and consumption in Indonesia (GWh)

data_fig_1_528 

Source: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Indonesia; PLN