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Data & Statistics

Existing Electricity Transmission Infrastructure in Middle East [free access]

December 10, 2018

At the end of 2017, the Middle Eastern countries (excluding Palestine) had a total line length and transformer capacity of 218,065 circuit km and 991,592 MVA respectively.

 

Saudi Arabia and Iran together accounted for almost 71 per cent of the region’s total line length, with a share of 36 per cent and 35 per cent respectively. In the case of transformer capacity, Iran and Saudi Arabia account for 53 per cent of the total capacity.

 

Of the total line length in the region, around 43 per cent is estimated to be at the 132 kV level, followed by 31 per cent at the 380/400 kV level. Voltage-wise, Saudi Arabia accounted for the largest share of 132 kV and 380/400 kV transmission lines, UAE had the largest share of 220 kV lines and Iran accounted for the largest share of 230 kV lines.

 

Of the region’s substation capacity, 39 per cent is at the 380/400 kV level, followed by 34 per cent at the 132 kV level. Saudi Arabia has the largest share of transformer capacity at the 132 kV and 380/400 kV levels, while Qatar holds the maximum share for the 220 kV level and Iran accounted for the largest share at 230 kV. 

 

Table 1: Transmission line length and substation capacity in the Middle East, 2017

Country

Line length (circuit km)

Substation capacity (MVA)

Bahrain

460

11,775

Iraq

19,037

54,240

Iran

75,214

173,518

Jordan

4,708

13,025

Kuwait

6,868

93,525

Lebanon

942

9,000

Oman

5,620

34534

Palestine

NA

NA

Qatar

3,310

69,700

Saudi Arabia

78,772

356,183

Syria

8,039

26,255

UAE

13,549

146,675

Yemen

1,546

3,162

Total

218,065

991,592

NA: not available.

Source: Arab Union of Electricity, Tavanir Holding Company; Global Transmission Research

 

Figure 1: Transmission line length by voltage in the Middle East, 2017 (%)

data_fig_1_478

Source: Arab Union of Electricity, Tavanir Holding Company; Global Transmission Research

 

Figure 2: Substation capacity by voltage in the Middle East, 2017 (%)

data_fig_2_479

Source: Arab Union of Electricity, Tavanir Holding Company; Global Transmission Research