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Data & Statistics

Central America: Peak Demand and Energy Exchange [free access]

May 11, 2018

During 2016, the peak demand in the Central American region reached 8,274 MW. Since 2010, the peak demand has grown at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 3 per cent.

 

In 2016, the peak demand was highest for Guatemala with a share of 21 per cent, followed by Costa Rica at 20 per cent, Panama at 19 per cent, Honduras at 18 per cent, El Salvador at 13 per cent and Nicaragua at 8 per cent.

 

Table 1: Peak demand in Central American countries (MW)

Country

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Costa Rica

1,593

1,593

1,632

1,612

1,675

El Salvador

975

1,004

1,035

1,089

1,093

Guatemala

1,533

1,564

1,636

1,672

1,702

Honduras

1,282

1,336

1,383

1,445

1,515

Nicaragua

610

620

636

665

672

Panama

1,386

1,444

1,504

1,612

1,618

Total

7,379

7,561

7,825

8,095

8,274

Source: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL)

 

In 2016, power exports reached 2,025 GWh and imports reached 2,556 MW. During the same year, the maximum power export and import was done by Guatemala and El Salvador respectively.

 

Table 2: Power exchange in Central America (GWh)

 

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

 

Export

Import

Export

Import

Export

Import

Export

Import

Export

Import

Costa Rica

23

34

20

61

70

252

280

173

181

313

El Salvador

78

163

91

374

208

589

64

963

77

1,065

Guatemala

196

226

588

267

1,187

708

1,087

585

1,335

747

Honduras

1

76

8

115

4

279

2

152

16

195

Nicaragua

3

20

16

52

49

22

22

34

18

205

Panama

59

17

71

75

99

189

139

17

398

30

Central America

360

536

794

944

1,616

2,038

1,594

1,923

2,025

2,556

                           

Source: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL)