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Data & Statistics

Spain: Installed Electricity Capacity, Generation and Consumption [free access]

August 8, 2017

At the end of 2016, Spain’s installed electricity generation capacity stood at approximately 105,279 MW. Combined cycle power plants accounted for 25 per cent of the country’s total capacity, followed by wind-based power plants (22 per cent) and hydro-based power plants (19 per cent).

 

However, since 2012, the installed capacity has declined at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 0.55 per cent, mainly due to a reduction in the installed capacity of nuclear, coal, fuel/gas and combined cycle power plants.

 

Table 1: Growth in Spain's installed electricity generation capacity (MW)

 

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Hydro

19,804

19,888

19,893

20,353

20,353

Nuclear

7,853

7,866

7,866

7,573

7,573

Coal

11,758

11,641

11,482

10,936

10,004

Fuel/gas

3,429

3,498

3,498

2,490

2,490

Combined cycle

27,194

27,206

27,206

26,670

26,670

Hydro-wind

0

0

12

11

11

Wind

22,722

23,010

23,002

23,020

23,057

Solar PV and thermal

6,538

6,965

6,972

6,964

6,973

Other renewable

957

980

1,016

747

749

Co-generation and others

7,361

7,210

7,196

7,482

7,399

Total

107,616 

108,264 

108,143 

106,246 

105,279 

Annual growth (%)

 - 

0.6 

(0.1) 

(1.8) 

(0.9) 

Note: Other renewable includes biogas, biomass, marine and geothermal hydraulics

 

In 2016, 262,161 GWh of electricity was generated and 265,009 GWh was consumed. Electricity generation and consumption have decreased at a CAGR of 1.9 per cent and 0.17 per cent respectively since 2012. In 2012, the country was a net exporter of electricity with 11,000 GWh of electricity exported to neighbouring countries. However, since then the power trade balance has reversed, with the country becoming a net importer of 7,667 GWh of electricity in 2016.

 

Table 2: Growth in Spain’s electricity generation, consumption and imports (GWh)

 

2012

2013

2014

2015

2016

Generation

2,83,071

2,73,713

2,67,012

2,67,584

2,62,161

Annual growth rate (%)

 -

(3.31)

(2.4)

(2.4)

(2.0)

Net imports

(11,200)

(6,732)

(3,543)

(133)

7,667

Consumption

2,66,849

2,61,023

2,58,067

2,62,931

2,65,009

Annual growth rate (%)

 -

(2.20)

(1.10)

1.88

0.80

Source: Red Eléctrica de España